Archaeological Area and Antiquarium of COLOMBARONE
Immersed in the greenery of the San Bartolo Park, the Archaeological Area and the Antiquarium of Colombarone, a site rich in architectural traces and adjacent museum with the finds of the excavations, document centuries of history of the Middle Adriatic area.
Many years of research, from 1983 to 2008, have allowed us to discover a unique and special area, from which a late antique villa, a basilica and a parish church emerged.
Dating back to the end of the third century AD, the stately home was the country residence of a landowner or state official and many of the mosaics dating from the fourth and sixth centuries are still visible.
In the 6th century, some sections of the structure were abandoned while the representative one was transformed into a Christian church; what was to be the early medieval basilica of San Cristoforo ad Aquilam was born in that period, surrounded by a cemetery area.
In the following centuries (VII-X), the church underwent several changes, assuming considerable dimensions, until it became a simple parish church in the late Middle Ages. At the end of the 12th century the oldest part was demolished and the “Chiesola” (demolished in 1858) was built in its place, of which a portion of the perimeter wall was recovered.
Colombarone’s function as a center of worship has never ceased. Not far away, in the nineteenth century a church was built and in the early decades of the twentieth century the current parish.
The Antiquarium is located in the spaces of the nineteenth-century church recovered by the Municipality of Pesaro.
A multimedia video introduces the itinerary with an immersive and suggestive reconstruction of the rooms of the villa, rich in colored coverings and wall decorations.
The small and precious museum tells the story of the excavations, starting from the identification of the site by Annibale Degli Abbati Olivieri, and displays the finds found during the research. Among the materials attributable to the stately home (III-VI century) there are sections of lead pipeline for the supply of water to the thermal sector, ceramics, bronzes, glass, tableware in the dining room, and the amphorae that attest the origin of food from all over the Mediterranean basin.
But it is the basilica (6th-8th century) that returns the most singular finds including a stained glass window, fragments of the marble iconostasis of the church (separation between the choir and aisles consisting of an architrave supported by columns) and a rare example of a chandelier suspension with several lights (polycandilon), found together with a monetary treasure and glass chalices of the liturgical apparatus.
Finally, there are interesting objects from the private life of the ancient inhabitants of the site (ornaments and clothing, coins, simple household utensils).
The Colombarone Archaeological Area reopened to the public in 2016 and the Antiquarium in 2019.
Project promoted by MIBAC / Superintendence of Archeology, Fine Arts and Landscape of the Marches, Ales arte lavoro e servizi spa, Municipality of Pesaro, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, San Bartolo Park Authority. Managed by the Museum System.
June 1 – September 30
Saturday, Sunday and holidays h 10-13 / 16.30-19.30
Entrance € 5
Reduced € 3 groups min. 15 people, Pesaro Cult Card holders, agreements
Free for children under 19 years, holders of a single ticket Pesaro Museums
closed December 25 and January 1
INFO T +39 0721 387 541